Anthem – Ayn Rand Free Essays - capsreviewq.ml

 

ayn rand essay

About The Ayn Rand Institute. capsreviewq.ml is the official website of the Ayn Rand Institute, the source for information on the life, writings and work of novelist-philosopher Ayn Rand.. Headquartered in Santa Ana, California, ARI offers educational experiences based on Ayn Rand’s books and ideas for a variety of audiences, including students, educators, policymakers and lifelong learners. Ayn Rand - This essay will discuss the life and works of Ayn Rand. The woman who would become Ayn Rand was born Alice Rosenbaum on February 2, (Branden, Barbara pg.3 ). She was born during the eleventh year of Nicholas II's reign in Russia.(Baker pg.1 ). Rand's birth was just before a revolution in Russia, however this revolution. May 15,  · About the Ayn Rand “Atlas Shrugged” Essay Contest. Students who have read Ayn Rand’s prolific novel “Atlas Shrugged” know that the book provides commentary on a number of complex philosophical themes, ranging from objectivism to capitalism and individualism. For over 30 years, the Ayn Rand Institute has held worldwide essay contests.


Anthem by Ayn Rand Essay Sample - JetWriters


Educated in Russia, ayn rand essay, she moved to the United States in She had a play produced on Broadway in and After two early ayn rand essay that were initially unsuccessful, she achieved fame with her novel, The Fountainhead, ayn rand essay.

InRand published her best-known work, the novel Atlas Shrugged. Afterward, she turned to non-fiction to promote her philosophy, ayn rand essay, publishing her own periodicals and releasing several collections of essays until her death in Rand advocated reason as the only means of acquiring knowledge and rejected faith and religion.

She supported rational and ethical egoism and rejected altruism. In politics, she condemned the initiation of force as immoral [3] and opposed collectivism and statism as well as anarchisminstead supporting laissez-faire capitalismwhich she defined as the system based on recognizing individual rightsincluding property rights.

She was sharply critical of most philosophers and philosophical traditions known to her, except for AristotleThomas Aquinas and classical liberals.

Literary critics received Rand's fiction with mixed reviews [6] and academia generally ignored or rejected her philosophy, though academic interest ayn rand essay increased in recent decades. Her father was upwardly mobile and a pharmacist and her mother was socially ambitious and religiously observant. The two girls shared an intense interest in politics and would engage in debates at the Nabokov mansion : while Olga defended constitutional monarchyAlisa supported republican ideals.

The subsequent October Revolution and the rule of the Bolsheviks under Vladimir Lenin disrupted the life the family had previously enjoyed. Ayn rand essay father's business was confiscated, and the family fled to the Crimean Peninsulawhich was initially under control of the White Army during the Russian Civil War.

While in high school, she realized that she was an atheist and valued reason above any other human virtue. After graduating from high school in the Crimea in Juneshe returned with her family to Petrograd as Saint Petersburg was renamed at that timewhere they faced desperate conditions, ayn rand essay, on occasion nearly starving.

After the Russian Revolution, ayn rand essay, universities were opened to women, allowing her to be in the first group of women to enroll at Petrograd State University. Along with many other bourgeois students, she was ayn rand essay from the university shortly before graduating. Ayn rand essay complaints from a group of visiting foreign ayn rand essay, however, many of the purged students were allowed to complete their work and graduate, [24] which she did in October For an assignment she wrote an essay about the Polish actress Pola Negriwhich became her first published work.

In lateRand was granted a visa to visit relatives in Chicago. She then left for HollywoodCalifornia. In Hollywood, a chance meeting with famed director Cecil B.

DeMille led to work as an extra in his film The King of Kings and a subsequent job as a junior screenwriter. She became a permanent American resident in July and an American citizen on March 3, Rand's first literary success came with the sale of her screenplay Red Pawn to Universal Studios inalthough it was never produced.

Clive in Hollywood in and then successfully reopened on Broadway in Each night a jury was selected from members of the audience; based on the jury's vote, one of two different endings would be performed. Rand did not participate in the production and was highly critical of the result. The heroine is an actress who embodies Randian ideals. Rand's first published novel, the semi-autobiographical We the Livingayn rand essay, was published in Set in Soviet Russia ayn rand essay, it focused on the struggle between the individual and the state.

In a ayn rand essay to the novel, Rand stated that We the Living "is as near to an autobiography as I will ever write. It is not an autobiography in the literal, but only in the intellectual sense.

The plot is invented, the background is not Rediscovered in the s, these films were re-edited into a new version which was approved by Rand and re-released as We the Living in Her novella Anthem was written during a break from the writing of her next major novel, The Fountainhead. It presents a vision of a dystopian future world in which totalitarian collectivism has triumphed to such an extent that even the word 'I' has been forgotten and replaced with 'we'.

As with We the LivingRand's later success allowed her to get a revised version published inwhich has sold more than 3, ayn rand essay. During the s, Rand became politically active. She and her husband worked as full-time volunteers for the presidential campaign of Republican Wendell Willkie. This work led to Rand's ayn rand essay public speaking experiences; she enjoyed fielding sometimes hostile questions from New York City audiences who had viewed pro-Willkie newsreels.

She became friends with journalist Henry Hazlitt and his wife, ayn rand essay, and Hazlitt introduced her to the Austrian School economist Ludwig von Mises. Despite her philosophical differences with them, Rand strongly endorsed the writings of both men throughout her career, and both of them expressed admiration for her. Mises once referred to Rand as "the most courageous man in America", a compliment that particularly pleased her because he said "man" instead of "woman".

Rand questioned Paterson about American history and politics long into the night during their many meetings and gave Paterson ideas for her only non-fiction book, The God of the Machine. Rand's first major success as a writer came in with The Fountainheadayn rand essay, a romantic and philosophical novel that she wrote over a period of seven years. It was ayn rand essay by twelve publishers before finally being accepted by the Bobbs-Merrill Company on the insistence of editor Archibald Ogden, who threatened to quit if his employer did not publish it.

The Fountainhead became a worldwide success, bringing Rand fame and financial security. Finishing her work on that screenplay, ayn rand essay, she was hired by producer Hal B, ayn rand essay.

Wallis as a screenwriter and script-doctor. Although the planned book was never completed, a condensed version was published as an essay titled "The Only Path to Tomorrow" in the January edition of Reader's Digest magazine, ayn rand essay.

Rand extended her involvement with free-market and anti-communist activism while working in Hollywood. She became involved with the Motion Picture Alliance for the Preservation of American Idealsa Hollywood anti-Communist group, and wrote articles on the group's behalf. She also joined the anti-Communist American Writers Association.

Her testimony described the disparity between her personal experiences in the Soviet Union and the portrayal of it in the film Song of Russia. After several delays, the film version of The Fountainhead was released in Although it used Rand's screenplay with minimal alterations, she "disliked the movie from beginning to end", and ayn rand essay about its editing, ayn rand essay, acting, and other elements.

In the years following the publication of The FountainheadRand received numerous letters from readers, some of whom the book profoundly influenced.

Initially the group was an informal gathering of friends who met with Rand on weekends at her apartment to discuss philosophy. She later began allowing them to read the drafts of her new novel, Atlas Shruggedayn rand essay, as the manuscript pages were written. In Rand's close relationship with the younger Nathaniel Branden turned into a romantic affair, with the consent of their spouses.

Atlas Shruggedayn rand essay, published inwas considered Rand's magnum opus. The plot involves a dystopian United States in which the most creative industrialists, scientists, and artists respond to a welfare state government by going on strike and retreating to a mountainous hideaway where they build an independent free economy. The novel's hero and leader of the strike, John Galtdescribes the strike as "stopping the motor of the world" by withdrawing the minds of the individuals most contributing to the nation's wealth and achievement.

With this fictional strike, Rand intended to illustrate that without the efforts of the rational and productive, the economy would collapse and society would fall apart. The novel includes elements of mysteryromanceand science fiction[71] [72] and it contains an extended exposition of Objectivism in the form of a lengthy monologue delivered by Galt, ayn rand essay.

Despite many negative reviews, Atlas Shrugged became an international bestseller. In an interview with Mike WallaceRand declared herself "the most creative thinker alive". Collective members gave lectures for NBI and wrote articles for Objectivist periodicals that she edited.

Rand later published some of these articles in book form. Critics, including some former NBI students and Branden himself, later described the culture of NBI as one of intellectual conformity and excessive reverence for Rand, with some describing NBI or the Objectivist movement itself as a cult or religion.

Throughout the s and s, Rand developed and promoted ayn rand essay Objectivist philosophy through her nonfiction works and by giving talks to students at institutions such as YalePrincetonColumbia[82] Harvardand the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. These included supporting abortion rights, [86] opposing the Vietnam War and the military draft but condemning many draft dodgers as "bums"[87] supporting Israel in the Yom Kippur War of against a coalition of Arab nations as "civilized men fighting savages", ayn rand essay saying European colonists had the right to develop land ayn rand essay from American Indiansayn rand essay, [89] and calling homosexuality "immoral" and "disgusting", while also advocating the repeal of all laws about it.

InNathaniel Branden began an affair with the young actress Patrecia Scottwhom he later married. Nathaniel and Barbara Branden kept the affair hidden from Rand. When she learned of it inthough her romantic relationship with Branden had already ended, [92] Rand terminated her relationship with both Brandens, which led to the closure of NBI. Rand underwent surgery for lung cancer in after decades of heavy smoking, ayn rand essay. A 6-foot 1. Rand called her philosophy "Objectivism", describing its essence as "the concept of man as a heroic being, with his own happiness as the moral purpose of his life, with productive achievement as his noblest activity, and reason as his only absolute".

In metaphysics, Rand supported philosophical realismand opposed anything she regarded as mysticism or supernaturalism, including all forms of religion. In epistemologyshe considered all knowledge to be based on sense perception, the validity of which she considered axiomatic[] and reasonayn rand essay she described as "the faculty that identifies and integrates the material provided ayn rand essay man's senses".

In ethics, ayn rand essay, Rand argued for rational and ethical egoism rational self-interestas the guiding moral principle. She said the individual should "exist for his own sake, neither sacrificing himself to others nor sacrificing others to himself". Rand's political philosophy emphasized individual rights including property rights[] ayn rand essay she considered laissez-faire capitalism the only moral social system because in her view it was the only system based on the protection of those rights.

She worked with conservatives on political projects, ayn rand essay, but disagreed with them over issues such as religion and ethics, ayn rand essay. In aesthetics, Rand defined art as a "selective re-creation of reality according to an artist's metaphysical value-judgments".

According to her, ayn rand essay, art allows philosophical concepts to be presented in a concrete form that can be easily grasped, thereby fulfilling a need of human consciousness. Rand acknowledged Aristotle as her greatest influence [] and remarked that in the history of philosophy she could only recommend "three A's"—Aristotle, Aquinasand Ayn Rand. I devised the rest of my philosophy myself. For example, the book's main character Lopuhov says "I am not a man to make sacrifices.

And indeed there are no such things. One acts in the way that one finds most pleasant. Rand said her most important contributions to philosophy were her "theory of concepts, [her] ethics, ayn rand essay, and [her] discovery in politics that evil—the violation of rights—consists of the initiation of force". If one recognizes the supremacy of reason and applies it consistently, all the rest follows, ayn rand essay.

During Rand's lifetime, her work evoked both extreme praise and condemnation. Rand's first novel, We the Livingwas admired by the literary critic H. The first reviews Rand received were for Night of January 16th. Reviews of the production were largely positive, but Rand considered even positive reviews to be embarrassing because of significant changes made to her script by the producer.

 

College Scholarship: Ayn Rand "Atlas Shrugged" Essay Contest

 

ayn rand essay

 

Anthem by Ayn Rand is a disturbing book. It is disturbing in the sense that it opens the reader eyes to a world without individuals. A world without the notion of me, my, I, but only with us, we, ours. This world is one of a collectivist society. Collectivism is based on principals of the “common good. Ayn Rand (/ aɪ n /; born Alisa Zinovyevna Rosenbaum; February 2 [O.S. January 20] – March 6, ) was a Russian-American writer and philosopher. She is known for her two best-selling novels, The Fountainhead and Atlas Shrugged, and for developing a philosophical system she named capsreviewq.mled in Russia, she moved to the United States in Alma mater: Petrograd State University (diploma . May 15,  · About the Ayn Rand “Atlas Shrugged” Essay Contest. Students who have read Ayn Rand’s prolific novel “Atlas Shrugged” know that the book provides commentary on a number of complex philosophical themes, ranging from objectivism to capitalism and individualism. For over 30 years, the Ayn Rand Institute has held worldwide essay contests.